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Pharmaceutical Association of Mauritius

 

 

Common Prescription Abbreviations

Ref Abbreviations Meaning
1 NS half-strength normal saline
2 NS half-strength normal saline
3 a.c. before meals
4 a.d.or AD or a.r. or AR right ear
5 a.m. or AM morning
6 a.s. left ear
7 a.u. or AU each ear
8 aa of each
9 ad up to
10 ad lib. at pleasure, freely; as desired
11 amp. ampul(e); ampoule
12 app. or applic applicatorful
13 aq. or aqua water
14 ASA aspirin
15 ATC around the clock
16 b.i.d. or BID twice a day/ two times daily
17 BM bowel movement
18 BP blood pressure
19 BS blood sugar
20 BSA body surface area
21 c meals, food
22 c. with
23 cap. capsule
24 cc or CC with food/a meal/meals
25 cc. cubic centimeter
26 CHF congestive heart failure
27 comp. compound
28 cr cream
29 d.c. discontinue
30 d.t.d. give of such doses
31 D10W dextrose 10% in water
32 D5LR dextrose 5% in lactated Ringer's
33 D5NS dextrose 5% in normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
34 D5W dextrose 5% in water
35 dil. dilute
36 disc. or D.C. discontinue
37 disp. dispense
38 div. divide
39 DW distilled water
40 el or elix. elixir
41 et and
42 ex aq. or in aq with water
43 F or ft. make
44 fl fluid
45 g. or Gm. or g gram
46 garg gargle
47 GI gastrointestinal
48 gr grain
49 gtt. drop
50 GU genitourinary
51 H hypodermic
52 h. or hr. hour
53 h.s. or HS at bedtime
54 HA headache
55 HBP high blood pressure
56 HC hydrocortisone
57 HT or HTN hypertension
58 I.V. intravenous
59 I.V. intravenous
60 ID intradermal
61 IM intramuscular
62 in aq or ex aq. with water
63 inj. injection
64 IU international units
65 IVP intravenous push
66 IVPB intravenous piggy back
67 liq. liquid
68 lot. lotion
69 loz. lozenge
70 M or Mitte or Mt send
71 M. or Misce mix
72 m.d.u. or MDU use as directed
73 mcg microgram
74 mEq milliequvalent
75 mg milligram
76 mg/kg milligrams (of drug) per kilogram (of body weight)
77 mg/m^2 milligrams (of drug) per square metre (of body surface area)
78 ml millitre
79 ml/h millilitres (of drug administered) per hour (as through intravenous administration)
80 mOsm or mOsmol milliosmoles
81 MS morphine sulfate
82 N&V nausea and vomiting
83 N.S. or NS normal saline
84 NMT not more than
85 noct. night
86 non rep. or N.R. do not repeat
87 NPO nothing by mouth
88 NTE not to exceed
89 NTG nitroglycerin
90 O. pint
91 o.d. or OD or o.r. or OR right eye
92 o.l. left eye
93 o.l. or OL or o.s. or OS left eye
94 o.s. left eye
95 o.u. each eye; both eyes
96 o.u. or OU each eye; both eyes
97 o_2 both eyes
98 od or OD daily
99 oint. ointment
100 OJ orange juice
101 ovu ovule
102 p.c. after meals
103 p.m. afternoon, evening
104 p.o. by mouth
105 p.o. by mouth; oral(ly)
106 p.r.n. when required; as necessary
107 postop postoperatively
108 pulv. pulvule; powder
109 pwd powder
110 q every
111 q.d. every day
112 q.h. every hour
113 q.h.s. or qHS every bedtime
114 q.i.d. four times a day
115 q.o.d. every other day; every second day
116 q.s. a sufficient quantity
117 q.s. ad a sufficient quantity to make
118 q12h or q12H every 12 hours (morning and night)
119 q2h or q2H every 2 hours
120 q4h or q4H every 4 hours
121 q8h every 8 hours
122 q8h or q8H every 8 hours
123 qa.m. or qAM every morning
124 R rectal
125 R take (thou)
126 R.L. or R/L Ringer's Lactate
127 rect rectal(ly)
128 rep repeat
129 S or Sig. write on label
130 s. or S without
131 s.o.s. if there is need; if necessary
132 shamp shampoo
133 Sig. write on label
134 SL sublingually; under the tongue
135 SOB shortness of breath
136 sol. or soln solution
137 spr spray
138 sq subcutaneously
139 ss. or SS one-half
140 stat. immediately
141 subc or subq or s.c.. or SC or SQ subcutaneously
142 sup. or supp. suppository
143 susp. suspension
144 syr. syrup
145 t.i.d. three times a day
146 t.i.w. three times a week
147 tab. tablet
148 tbsp. tablespoonful
149 top topical(ly)
150 TPN total parenteral nutrition
151 tr. tincture
152 tsp. teaspoonful
153 U or u unit
154 u.d. or UD as directed
155 u.f. or UF until finished
156 ung. ointment
157 URI upper respiratory infection
158 UTI urinary tract infection
159 vag vagina(ly)
160 wk week