has come up with several guidelines for travellers who wish to minimise negative impacts on the countries they visit.

These include:

Save precious natural resources.
Try not to waste water.
Switch off lights and air conditioning when you go out.
Avoid establishments which clearly consume limited resources such as water and electricity al the expense of local residents.



Support local enterprise.

Use locally-owned hotels and restaurants and support trade and craft workers by buying locally made souvenirs.

But do help safeguard the environment by avoiding souvenirs made from local wildlife - ivory, fur, skins, etc - particularly endangered species.



Recognise land rights.
Indigenous people's ownership of land they use and occupy is recognised by international law.
This should be acknowledged irrespective of whether the national government applies the law or not.
(Governments are among the principle violators of tribal rights. )
When in tribal lands tourists should behave as they would on private lands and home.



Ask before taking close-up photographs of people.
Don't worry if you don't speak the language.
A smile and gesture will be appreciated.



Don't give money, sweets, pens, etc, to children.

It encourages begging and demeans the child.

A donation to a recognised project - a health centre or school- is a more constructive and meaningful way to help.



Show respect for local etiquette.

Politeness is a virtue in most parts of the world, but remember that different people have different ideas about what's polite.
In many places, tight fitting wear, revealing shorts or skimpy tops are insensitive to local feelings.

Loose lightweight clothing is preferable.
Similarly, public displays of affection are often culturally inappropriate.



Learn something about the history and current affairs of the country.

This helps you understand the Idiosyncrasies of its people, and helps prevent misunderstandings and frustrations

Be patient, friendly and sensitive. Remember that you are a guest.