Eugenia orbiculata (Bois de Clous, Bois de Clous Nain).


 

 They are well-branched shrubs or small trees that can be between 3 and 6 m in height. The small branches are red, rather puberulent at the juvenile stage and turn smooth at later stages.

 The leaves are petiolated with these varying between 1 and 3 m in length. However, adult leaves do not have petioles. Lamina of juvenile leaves are oblong either linearly obovoid or linearly elliptical and measure 2-4 0.5-1 cm. Adult leaves have a lamina measuring 1.5-5.5 1.5 cm, and are oval, elliptical or rather circular. The leaves are rounded at the tip, bright above and pale greyish green below. The midrib is canaliculated above and very prominent below. 3-7 pairs of lateral veins are prominent on both surfaces. Intramarginal veins are found 1-3 mm from the margin.

 The flowers are solitary and found at the axil of bracts. In general 1-2 pairs are present at the basal part of the foliate branches. Bracts are triangular, deciduous and measure 2 mm in length. Peduncles are 12-45 mm long, more or less slender, and smooth. Bracteoles are narrowly oval, 2-3 m long, smooth and deciduous. Floral buds are piriform, reaching 6-7 4-6 mm at anthesis. These buds are scattered at the base.

 The calyx lobes are semi-circular, more or less equal and more or less persisting. They measure 2-3 mm in length and are 3-4 mm wide and bear hairs scattered. The petals are subcircular, measuring 4-5 mm. They are white and ciliated. There are numerous stamens. They have filament measuring 3-4 mm in length and are white in colour. The anthers are globular and 0.4 mm long. The ovary is bilocular bearing about 20 ovules per locule. The style is 3-4 mm long.

 The fruit is a globular berry, reaching 10 mm in diameter. Normally 3-8 seeds are produced. The testa is membranous, adhering to the embryo. Moreover, the cotyledons are connate.