This Sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H in the Uranah Valley of mount Arafat.
"O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I don't know whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (Interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived... Beware of Satan, for your safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have right over you. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and comitted helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to commit adultery.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadhan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to. You know that every Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. You are all equal. Nobody has superiority over other except by piety and good action. Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not astray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born.
Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand my words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me direcly.
Be my witness oh Allah that I have conveyed your message to your people."
Almighty ALLAH says in the Holy Quran :
" What ALLAH has bestowed on His Messenger (and taken away) from the people of the townships - belongs to ALLAH - to His Messenger and to kindred and orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; in order that it may not (merely) make a circuit between the wealthy among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear ALLAH; for ALLAH is strict in Punishment." (Surah Al-Hashr 59 / verse 7)
" O you who believe ! Obey ALLAH, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad, Peace be upon him) and render not vain your deeds." (Surah Muhammad 47 / verse 33)
It is clear from the above that muslims (those who do not associate anything with the worship of ALLAH, Lord of the Worlds) are required to obey the Holy Messenger in whatever he commands them and also to stay away from all the things that the Messenger tells them to. The Last Prophet, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) does not say anything of his own accord but is given the Shariah (Islamic Law governing one's life) by inspiration from Almighty ALLAH.
This is evident from the following verses :
" (1) By the Star when it goes down - (2) Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled, (3) Nor does he say (anything) of (his own) Desire. (4) It is no less than inspiration sent down to him." (Surah An-Najm 53 / verses 1-4)
The significance of this Khutba (sermon) given by the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) is due to several historical facts, namely :
"This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." (Surah Al-Ma'idah 5 / verse 3)
Upon hearing this verse, 'Umar (r.a) cried. "What makes you cry?" was he asked. His answer was : "Nothing succeeds perfection but imperfection." We can therefore see that this khutba has tremendous importance to any muslim who is eager to adopt Islam whole-heartedly and remind himself of the message brought by the Last Messenger, Muhammad (Peace be upon him), a mercy to all the worlds.
" I do not know whether I will ever meet you at this place once again after this current year."
The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) started to become ill on Monday the 29th of Safar, 11 A.H, the following year and eventually breathed his last on the twelfth of Rabi' Al-Awwal, 11 A.H. (Ref : Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Islamic University Al-Madina Al-Munawwara)
The following points in the last khutba needs to be highlighted :
" We sent you not, but as a mercy for all creatures." (Surah Al-Anbiya 21 / verse 107)
" Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of ALLAH, and the Seal of the Prophets: and ALLAH has full knowledge of all things. " (Surah Al-Ahzab 33 / verse 40)
With this last prophet, Almighty ALLAH had perfected His religion and thus there was no need for any more messages to guide mankind. The Message of Islam, through the Holy Quran and the example of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is complete and valid until the Day of Judgement. Everything that man would ever require, as answers or guidance for his existence as an obedient servant of Almighty ALLAH is contained in these two things (Holy Quran and Sunnah). Truth had been clearly shown and the difference between truth and falsehood was never so apparent. Muslims must thus beware of any seemingly 'new' faith or ideas that would claim to be on the Straight Path after the advent of Islam.
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