Islamic Dates

The Islamic Calendar, which is based purely on lunar cycles, was first introduced in 638 A.D. by the close companion of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) and the Second Caliph, `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (592-644 A.D.). He (May ALLAH be pleased with him) did it in an attempt to rationalize the various, and at times conflicting, dating systems used during his time.

`Umar consulted with his advisors on the starting date of the new Muslim chronology. It was finally agreed that the most appropriate reference point for the Islamic calendar was the Hijrah. The Hijrah, which chronicles the migration of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from Makkah to Madinah in September 622 A.D., is the central historical event of early Islam. It led to the foundation of the first Muslim city-state, a turning point in Islamic and world history.

The Islamic (Hijri) Calendar consists of 12 months, starting with Muharram and ending with Zul-Hijja. The sequence of Hijri months are listed below :-

Almighty ALLAH says in the Holy Quran :-

"The number of months in the sight of ALLAH is twelve (in a year), so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein, and fight the Pagans all together as they fight you all together. But know that ALLAH is with those who restrain themselves." (At-Tauba / 36)

Furthermore, Almighty ALLAH, the Lord of the Universe, refers to the lunar cycles as follows :-

"It is He who made the sun to be a shining glory and the moon to be a light (of beauty), and measured out stages for it; that ye might know the number of years and the count (of time). Nowise did ALLAH create this but in truth and righteousness. (Thus) doth He explain His Signs in detail, for those who understand." (Yunus / 5)

Each of the Hijri month has its own SIGNIFICANCE and bears testimony to IMPORTANT events in the Biography of the Life of the Holy Prophet, Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him). They serve as a reminder to Muslims (men and women) of the STRUGGLE of the Blessed Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) to accomplish his task of conveying the MESSAGE of ISLAM (Submission to ALLAH). Moreover, the Hijri months are closely linked with the SUNNAH (tradition) of Muhammad (Peace and Blesings be upon him) and his TEACHINGS to Mankind.

There is no doubt that anyone who believes in Almighty ALLAH and His Last Messenger, Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) has at heart the observance of the SUNNAH (tradition) of the Blessed Prophet, as concerns the events in each of the Hijri month. This observance is indeed a great FAVOUR that Almighty ALLAH has bestowed on believers in order to mould the life of the muslim.

A list of important events in the Islamic (Hijri) Calendar is given below :-

Hijra Date Description of Event
Muharram 1 New Islamic Year
10 Day of Ashurah
Safar 1

Start of Month

27

Hijra from Makka to Madina

Rabi-Ul-Awwal 1

Start of Month

8 Arrival at Quba
12 Arrival at Madina
Birth of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Rabi-Ul-Akhir 1

Start of Month

Jumada-Awwal 1

Start of Month

Jumada-Akhir 1

Start of Month

Rajab 1

Start of Month

27 Isra' and Mi'raj
Sha'baan 1

Start of Month

Ramadhan 1

Start of Month

17 Battle of Badr
21 First Revelation in Hira
Conquest of Makkah
27 Lailat-Ul-Qadr
Shawwaal 1 Eid-Ul-Fitr
6 Battle of Uhud
10 Battle of Hunayn
Zul-Qaidah 1

Start of Month

17 Battle of Al-Ahzab
Zul-Hijjah 1

Start of Month

8 Start of Hajj
9 Day of Arafat
10 Eid-Ul-Adha
11 Great Aqabah Pledge
12
13

Please note that the above dates are NOT based on actual sightings of the moon and therefore may be incorrect. Date Conversions from Hijri to Gregorian were calculated using the MINARET (Version 1.0 for Windows) software package by Kamal Abdali. The following settings were used for Mauritius :-

The following Javascript calendar will, Insha ALLAH (God Willing), be useful in viewing the different days of each month, together with the respective Islamic Dates as described above. To view a particular month of a specific year, select the month from the drop-down list or use the > buttons.

Select-A-Month

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