A bird flying peacefullyThe Amazing Power Of Amino Acids

 An amino acid can be defined as any of a large group of organic compounds which represent the end products of protein breakdown.All proteins are made up of amino acids.

 There are 23 amino acids. Eight of them are strictly dietary essential and cannot be synthesised at all by the body. These are isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. In addition to these strictly essential amino acids, two other amino acids namely, arginine and histidine, are essential for infants and young persons, as the capacity for their synthesis in the body is not adequate to meet the needs for growth.

In addition to the ten essential amino acids mentioned above, there are 13 non-essential amino acids. They are proline, carnitine, tyrosine, glutamic acid and glutamine, cysteine and cystine, glycine, alanine, b-alanine, aspartic acid, taurine, ornitine, citrulline, and gama-aminobutyric acid(GABA).

 Amino acid deficiency may be the result of protein malnutrition. Such deficiency is generally associated with a faulty diet, failure to digest or absorb adequately, stress conditions, infection, trauma, use of drugs, deficiency of other nutrients such as vitamins and minerals, and dysfunctions connected with ageing process. Since amino acids perform such a major role in the structure and function of the body, in both health maintenance and disease, the importance of available test to assess their relative presence cannot be underestimated.

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